Agreement Between China And India

Signed in New Delhi on January 17, 2012, available in the Chinese MFA contract base in English, Chinese and Hindi. The English text of the agreement is also contained in the Indian MEA database on Indian contracts. Both sides agreed to establish the WMCC to address important border issues related to peacekeeping and calm in the border regions of India and China. (Article 1) The WMCC will be led by an Indian MEA official at the joint secretaries level and an official at the executive level of the Chinese AMF and will be composed of diplomatic and military officials from both sides. (Article 2) A key element of the 1993 and 1996 agreements is that both sides limit their forces to a minimum in areas along the ZONE, Singh said. However, the agreements do not specify the minimum level. The 1996 agreement limits the use of large categories of armaments near the LAC, including tanks, infantry fighting vehicles, 75 mm or more caliber guns, mortars of 120 mm or more, and various missiles. It also limits combat aircraft to flights within 10 km of the LAC. It states that neither party must “be fire-free, biodegrade, use hazardous chemicals, carry out explosive operations or use rifles or explosives within a two-kilometre radius” of the LAC. In June 2012, China declared that “Sino-Indian relations” could be the “most important bilateral partnership of the century.” [147] This month, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao and Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh set a goal of increasing bilateral trade between the two countries to $100 billion by 2015.

[148] Since the 1962 war, the two countries have entered into various bilateral agreements as confidence-building measures (CBM) to avoid an escalation of the situation, including the much-disputed 1996 agreement and the “dominant practice” of not using weapons near the LAC that results from that agreement and others. Below, we described the various bilateral agreements and the government and international sources, where they are accessible: Signed in New Delhi on November 29, 1996, available on the database of Chinese AMF contracts in English, Chinese and Hindi. Copies and summaries of the agreement are also available in the UNITED Nations Peacemakers Database and the University of Edinburgh`s AP-X Peace Agreements database. According to the UN peacemakers` website, the agreement allows for “military disclosure when the parties conduct border exercises and downsizing in border areas. In addition, parties may, by invitation, observe and inspect troop movements in any other territory. In this agreement, the two sides agreed to reduce or limit their armed forces in mutually agreed geographical areas along the ZONE.