What Important Agreement Did The Berlin Conference Reach In 1885

List some of the most important agreements of the General Act of the Conference Some have argued that the Conference is at the heart of imperialism. African-American historian W. E.B. Du Bois wrote in 1948 that, in addition to the Atlantic slave trade with Africans, a major global movement in modern times is “the division of Africa after the German-French War, which, with the Berlin Conference of 1884, made colonial imperialism prosper” and that “the main reality of imperialism in Africa today is of an economic nature.” explained the extraction of wealth from the continent. [23] The geography of North Africa has been reasonably well known in Greco-Roman geography since classical antiquity. Exploration of sub-Saharan Africa began with the Age of Discovery in the 15th century, driven by posts along the coast during the active colonization of the New World. The study of the interior of Africa was therefore mainly left to Arab slave traders, who, with the Muslim conquest of Sudan, built vast networks and supported the economies of a number of Sahel kingdoms from the 15th to the 18th century. What important agreement was reached at the Berlin Conference in 1885? Between 1879 and 1884, Stanley returned to the Congo, sent on a secret trip by Leopold II, with the intention of creating the Congo Free State. In addition, French naval officer Pierre de Brazza traveled to the western basin of the Congo River and created the French colony of the present-day Republic of Congo. The Kingdom of Portugal, which had several treaties with the Kingdom of the Congo, signed a treaty with the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on February 26, 1884, which blocked access to the International Society of Congo-Atlantic. Portuguese explorer Prince Henry, known as The Navigator, was the first European to methodically explore Africa and the ocean route to India. From his residence in the Algarve region of southern Portugal, he led successive expeditions to tour Africa and reach India. In 1420, Henry sent an expedition to secure the uninhabited but strategic island of Madeira.

In 1425 he also tried to secure the Canary Islands, which were already under Castilian control. In 1431, another Portuguese expedition reached and annexed the Azores. The conference was an opportunity to channel latent European hostilities towards each other; create new spaces to help European powers develop in the face of growing interests of the United States, Russia and Japan; and to engage in constructive dialogue to limit future hostilities. In Africa, colonialism was introduced on almost the entire continent. When African independence was regained after World War II, it manifested itself in the form of fragmented states. [20] Berlin Conference: drawing from the Berlin Conference. The main dominant powers in the conference were France, Germany, Britain and Portugal. The conference opened on 15 Nov.

1884 and continued until its closing on 26 Feb. 1885. [12] The number of plenipotentiaries varied from nation to nation,[13] but these 14 countries sent representatives to attend the Berlin Conference and sign the Berlin Law that followed:[14] Prior to the conference, European diplomacy treated African indigenous peoples in the same way as it treated indigenous peoples of the New World and established trade relations with tribal leaders. This can be seen in examples such as the Portuguese trade with the Kingdom of Congo. With the exception of trading posts along the coasts, the continent was essentially ignored. This was changed by King Leopold of Belgium`s desire for personal glory and fortune, and by the mid-19th century, Africa was considered ripe for exploration, trade, and colonization. In the mid-19th century, Protestant missions carried out active work on the coast of Guinea, South Africa and the dominions of Zanzibar. Missionaries visited little-known regions and peoples and, in many cases, became explorers and pioneers of trade and empire. .